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Friday, January 21, 2022

treatment protocol and precaution system for dengue fever in india 2022

Dengue Fever

Dengue ( pronounced DENgee) fever is a painful, enervating mosquito- borne complaint caused by any one of four nearly affiliated dengue contagions. These contagions are related to the contagions that beget West Nile infection and unheroic fever. 

 An estimated 400 million dengue infections do worldwide each time, with about 96 million performing in illness. Utmost cases do in tropical areas of the world, with the topmost threat being in 

  •  The Indian key 
  •  Southeast Asia 
  • Southern China 
  •  Taiwan 
  •  The Pacific Islets 
  •  The Caribbean (except Cuba and the Cayman Islets) 
  • Mexico 
  •  Africa 
  •  Central and South America  (rule out Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina) 

most cases in the United States do in people who contracted the infection while travelling abroad. But the threat is adding for people living along the Texas-Mexico border and in other corridor of the southern United States. In 2014, an outbreak of dengue fever was linked in Hawaii with other outbreaks in 2013 in Brownsville, Texas and Key West, Fla. 

Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aides mosquito infected with a dengue contagion. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with dengue contagion in their blood. It can’t be spread the moment from one person to another person. 

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 Symptoms of Dengue Fever 

 Symptoms, which generally begin four to six days after infection and last for over to 10 days, may include 

  •  Unforeseen, high fever .
  •  Severe headaches. 
  •  Pain behind the eyes .
  •  Severe joint and muscle pain. 
  •  Fatigue. 
  •  Nausea .
  •  Vomiting .
  •  Skin rash, which seem two to five days after the onset of fever .
  •  Mild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding epoxies, or easy bruising) .

 Occasionally, symptoms are mild and can be incorrect for those of the flu or another viral infection. Youngish children and people who have noway had the infection before tend to have milder cases than aged children and grown-ups. Still, serious problems can develop. These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterised by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and epoxies, blowup of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may develop to enormous bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock pattern (DSS). 
 People with weakened vulnerable systems as well as those with a alternate or posterior dengue infection are believed to be at lesser threat for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever. 

 Diagnosing Dengue Fever 

 Croaks can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the contagion or antibodies to it. However, let your croakier know, If you come sick after travelling to a tropical area. This will allow your croakier to estimate the possibility that your symptoms were caused by a dengue infection. 
Treatment for Dengue Fever 

 There's no specific drug to treat dengue infection. However, you should use pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoid drugs with aspirin, which could worsen bleeding, If you suppose you may have dengue fever. You should also rest, drink plenitude of fluids, and see your doctor. However, you should get to a sanitarium in contingently to be checked for complications, 

 Precluding Dengue Fever 


 The stylish way to help the complaint is to help mouthfuls by infected mosquitoes, particularly if you're living in or travelling to a tropical area. This involves guarding yourself and making sweats to keep the mosquito population down. In 2019, the FDA approved a vaccine called Dengvaxia to support  the complaint from being in adolescents progressed 9 to 16 who have formerly been infected by dengue. But, there presently is no vaccine to help the general population from contracting it. 

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To cover yourself 

  •  Use mosquito repellents, indeed outdoors. 

  •  When outside, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants partake into socks. 

  •  When indoors, use air exertion if available. 

  •  Make sure window and door defences are secure and free of holes. However, use mosquito nets, 

  • If sleeping areas aren't screened or air conditioned. 

  •  Still, speak to your croakier, If you have symptoms of dengue. 

 To reduce the mosquito population, get relieve of places where mosquitoes can breed. These include old tires, barrels, or flower pots that collect rain. Regularly change the water in out-of-door raspberry cataracts and faves'water dishes. 

 Still, be especially watchful about sweats to cover yourself and other family members from mosquitoes, If someone in your home gets dengue fever. Mosquitoes that suck the infected family member could spread the infection to others in your home. 



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