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Monday, August 31, 2020

Former President Pranab Mukherjee Biography: Birth, Early Life, Education, Family, Political Career, Awards, COVID-19, Brain Surgery and More

Former President of India Pranab Mukherjee is in a comatose state, but his vital parameters are stable as per the Army’s Research and Referral (RR) Hospital. He continues to be on ventilator support after he underwent brain surgery for the removal of a clot. Prior to surgery, he tested COVID-19 positive.

Pranav Mukharji Biography

Former President of India Pranab Mukherjee is in a comatose state, but his vital parameters are stable as per the Army’s Research and Referral (R&R) Hospital. He continues to be on ventilator support after he underwent brain surgery for the removal of a clot. Prior to surgery, he tested COVID-19 positive. He is currently treated at the Army's Research and Referral (R&R) hospital.

Birth: December 11, 1935, in Mirati, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Birbhum district, West Bengal, India).
Age 84 years.

Profession: Indian Politician
Known for 13th President of India
Political Party:  

  • Indian National Congress (1969–1986; 1989–2012)
  • Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (1986-1989)


Parents: Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee (father)
Rajlakshmi Mukherjee (mother)
Wife Surva: Mukherjee
Children : 

  1. Indrajit Mukherjee
  2. Abhijit Mukherjee
  3. Sharmistha Mukherjee


Awards: 

  • Bharat Ratna (2019)
  • Padma Vibhushan (2008)

Pranab Mukherjee served as the 13th President of India from 2012 to 2017. He has been a senior Congress leader and has served on various ministerial posts. In the year 2019, Ram Nath Kovind, the President of India, honoured him with India's highest civilian honour-- Bharat Ratna.

Pranab Mukherjee: Birth, Early Life and Education. 

Pranab Mukherjee was born on December 11, 1935, in Mirati, Bengal Presidency, British India (present-day Birbhum district, West Bengal, India) to Kamada Kinkar Mukherjee (father) and Rajlakshmi Mukherjee (mother). His father was active during Indian Independence movement and was also a member of West Bengal Legislative Council during 1952-1964 as an Indian National Congress representative. 

Pranab Mukherjee did his schooling from Suri Vidyasagar College, Suri. He did his Masters in Political Science and History from the University of Calcutta. From the same university, he earned his LLB degree. 

Pranab Mukherjee: Personal Life

On July 13, 1957, Pranab Mukherjee married Surva Mukherjee and the couple had two sons (Indrajit Mukherjee and Abhijit Mukherjee and a daughter (Sharmistha Mukherjee). His wife Surva migrated from Narail, Bangladesh to Kolkata when she was 10. She died on August 18, 2015, due to a cardiac arrest, at the age of 74. 

His elder son Abhijit is a Congress MP from Jangipur, West Bengal and his daughter Sharmishtha is a Kathak dancer and a politician with Congress. 

Pranab Mukherjee: Career

Prior to politics, he served as an upper-division Clerk in the Office of Deputy Accountant-General, Calcutta. In the year 1963, he joined Vidyanagar College, Kolkata as an Assistant Professor of Political Science. He also worked for Desher Dak (Call of Motherland) as a journalist. 

In the year 1969, Mukherjee entered politics and managed the election campaign of V.K. Krishna Menon, an independent candidate. The then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi, recognised his talents and offered him to join Congress, an offer he didn't reject. In 1969, Indira Gandhi helped him to become a member of Upper House of the Parliament (Rajya Sabha). In 1975, 1981, 1993 and 1999, he was re-elected to the Rajya Sabha. 

Pranab Mukherjee became Indira Gandhi's most trusted lieutenants and a minister in her cabinet in 1973 and is often described as her 'man for all seasons'. He was also active during the controversial Emergency which was imposed on India for two years-- 1975-1977. From 1982 to 1984, Mukherjee served as the Finance Minister and appointed Manmohan Singh as the Governor of RBI. 

In the year 1979, Mukherjee was appointed as the Deputy Leader of Indian National Congress in the Rajya Sabha. In 1980, he was appointed as the Leader of the House. In the absence of Prime Minister, he presided over the cabinet meetings. 

However, after the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984, he was sidelined from the Congress under the leadership of Rajiv Gandhi (son of Indira Gandhi). He was expelled from the mainstream politics and was sent to the regional West Bengal Pradesh Congress Committee. 

Following his expulsion from the mainstream politics, Mukherjee formed Rashtriya Samajwadi Congress (RSC) in West Bengal which later merged with the Congress after a compromise with Rajiv Gandhi. 

In 1991, after the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi, the then Prime Minister of India, PV Narasimha Rao appointed Muukherje as the Deputy Chairman of the Indian planning commission. From 1995-1996, Mukherjee served as the External Affairs Minister in Narasimha Rao's cabinet. 

It is believed that due to Pranab Mukherjee, the entry of Sonia Gandhi in politics was successful. In 1998-1999, after Sonia Gandhi became the President of Congress, Mukherjee was appointed as the General Secretary of the AICC. From 2000 until his resignation in 2010, Pranab Mukherjee served as the President of the West Bengal Congress. 

In 2004, he became the Leader of the House in the Lower House of the Parliament (Lok Sabha). Before Manmohan Singh was appointed as the Prime Minister of India, it was speculated that Mukherjee will hold the top executive post-- Prime Minister. 

In Manmohan Singh's Cabinet, Mukherjee held various posts such as Defence, Finance, External Affairs and more. He also headed the Congress Parliamentary Party and the Congress Legislative Party, having all the Congress MPs and MLAs.

Pranab Mukherjee: Retirement

Pranab Mukherjee retired from active politics and ended his affiliation with the Indian National Congress as he was running for President in 2012. On July 25, 2012, he became the President of India. In 2017, he did not run for re-elections and retired from politics citing age-related health complications. His term expired on July 25, 2017, and was succeeded as the President of India by Ram Nath Kovind.

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